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Capacity building to Promote Sustainable Governance of Petroleum resources, Biodiversity and Livelihoods in East African Communities PELIBIGO.

Project synopsis:
Recent oil and gas exploration efforts into biodiversity rich and populous rural areas of East Africa pose new governance challenges. Socially acceptable and ecological sustainable development of petroleum resources will depend on the capacity of both governmental agencies and other actors to recognize and handle new and conflicting agendas and demands. The project will set up an institutional capacity development program that will strengthen research and education on governance related to political, social and environmental aspects linked to petroleum exploration in Tanzania and Uganda.

Project Vision:
Sustainable economic, social and environmental development of the oil and gas sectors in East Africa through expanded and better qualified workforce, increased knowledge, evidence-based policy, decision making and enhanced gender equality.

Division of responsibility and labour between institutions:
The project is a collaboration project between University of Makerere, Uganda (MAK), University of Dodoma, Tanzania (UDOM), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) and Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).
MAK is the project owner and lead LMIC partner responsible for overall project coordination and reporting.
Prof Frank Mugagga, from the Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Climatic Sciences at MAK is the main coordinator of the project.
UDOM is a LMIC partner in Tanzania and the main beneficiary of the project. MAK and UDOM are responsible for locally recruiting students (Masters, PhD and postdocs), provide staff for staff exchange programme, coordinate student exchange and field research for students. They also participate in design of a new master’s program, curriculum review, collaborative research, post-graduate training.
The Department of Geography NTNU is the main partner in Norway with the department of Biology NTNU and Noragric, NMBU as collaborating partners. NTNU and NMBU provide knowledge and competence through active advisory roles and through supplying continued knowledge and training to MAK and UDOM Faculty. NTNU and NMBU facilitates student (Master and PhDs) and staff exchange stays in Norway. Staff from NTNU and NMBU participate in academic activities such as teaching, curriculum review and developing new curricula, student supervision and research and mentoring programs.

Project Team:

Prof.Frank-Mugagga(Mak) Prof-Eivin-Roskaft (NTNU) Prof-Haakon-Lein (NTNU)
Prof Goretti Nabanoga (Mak) Prof Julius Nyahongo
Prof.Paul Vedeld (NMBU) Dr. charlotte Nakakaawa

Project Components:
4 Main components
Education (Master candidates; a new regional master programme developed and Curriculum Review
Research and PhD Training (PhD, Post Doc)
Institutional capacity/competence building
Crosscutting issues
Gender mainstreaming
Establishing partnerships/networks

Accomplishments So far

8 students trained at Masters Level (5F:3M)

Name/Country Thesis Title Qualification/ Awarding Institution Employment/Career prospects
Anyango Quinter

The impact of oil and gas exploration and development on livelihoods on communities in Buliisa District.

Msc (Natural Resources Management) /NTNU

Environmental Sustainability Specialist at AVSI Foundation Uganda –  ‘Graduating to Resilience” project  in Rwamwanja Refugee Settlement in Kamwenge District, Uganda.

Isaac Sserwanga

Oil exploration and human-wildlife conflicts in Buliisa.

Msc (Natural Resources Management) /NTNU

Awarded, MSc Ecosystem Services University of Technology, Dresden – Germany.

Now pursuing an Msc. Integrated Natural Resource Management-Climate Change and Energy Management, Humboldt University of Berlin , Germany.

Nyakeko-NyamasijaNyakeko Nyamasija

Assessment of communities’ knowledge and perceptions on impacts of Hoima – Tanga crude oil pipeline to biodiversity in Swagaswaga game reserve.

Msc (Natural Resources Management) /NTNU

Assistant Lecturer, Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere University of Agriculture and Technology – Tanzania.

Wambura Mashauri

The Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Rodent Tissues along a Gradient of Distance from TAZAMA Pipeline and TANZAM Highway in MINAPA, Tanzania.

Msc (Natural Resources Management) /NTNU

Assistant Lecturer, Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere University of Agriculture and Technology – Tanzania.
Currently a PhD candidate at Guangxi University in China.
Garende-WemaGarende Wema

Natural Gas Exploration and extraction: Investigating the resilience of Ecosystem services and implications for local livelihoods Songosongo Island, Tanzania.

Masters in International Environmental Studies / NMBU

Agricultural officer. Rorya District Council, Tanzania.

Aziza Athumani, Tanzania

Socio-ecological Impacts of the Tazama pipeline in protected and non-protected areas in Tanzania.

Masters in International Environmental Studies – NMBU / Graduated.

Assistant Lecturer, University of Dodoma.

Dianah Nakayima

Impacts of upstream oil and gas activities on tourism and human wellbeing in the Albertine Graben of Uganda.

MSc ENR – Makerere University

Project Manager, African Power Initiative Ltd, Uganda.

Leonida Tibakunirwa

The implications of oil and gas induced resettlement on community livelihoods. A case study of Kyakabooga Resettlement.

Msc (Natural Resources Management) /NTNU

Teacher of Geography, Ministry of Education and Sports – Uganda.

3 students trained at PhD Level (All Female)

Name/Country Thesis Title Qualification/ Awarding Institution Employment/Career prospects
Doreen Mrimi

Impact of Petroleum exploration on diversity, population structure and health status of small mammals.

UDOM/NMBU – Graduated

Assistant Lecturer, University of Dodoma, Tanzania.

Carol Agnes Kisanga

The impact of oil and gas exploration and development on livelihoods on communities in Buliisa District.

UDOM/NTNU – thesis submitted for examination

Assistant Lecturer, University of Dodoma, Tanzania.


Social vulnerability and petroleum exploration led development in Uganda.

Makerere/NTNU –Graduated

Assistant Lecturer, Makerere University, Uganda.

2 PostDoctoral Fellows trained (both Male)

Name/Country Thesis Title Qualification/ Awarding Institution Employment/Career prospects
Patrick Byakagaba

Oil and Gas Development in Uganda: Implications on the Environment, livelihoods and Resilience.

Makerere University

Lecturer, Makerere University, Uganda

Josephat-PeterJosephat Peter Tanzania

Costs and Benefit Analysis of Oil Transportation Systems and their impact on Environment.

Makerere University

Deputy Principal, University of Dodoma.

Publications So far in International referred Journals

2021 Mugagga, F., Tibakunirwa, L. & Musali, P.  2020. Compensation Packages and Implications on Social Networks Among Development-induced Displaced Persons in Uganda’s Albertine Graben. Development in Practice.
2020 Paul Vedeld 2020.  Stakeholder Analysis in Natural Resource Management- a Comparative Introduction. Working paper Noragric. June 2020.   Norwegian University of Life Sciences
2020 Nyakeko, N.F., Nyahongo, J.W. and Røskaft, E., 2020. Communities perceptions regarding the impact of Hoima-Tanga crude oil pipeline on the loss of biodiversity in Swagaswaga Game Reserve, Tanzania. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 12(3), pp.169-176.
2020 Mrimi, D. J., Nyahongo, J. W., Vedeld, P. O., Massawe, B. H., & Jjunju, C. N. (2019). Spatial distribution of heavy metals in soil with distance from Tazama pipeline through the Mikumi National Park, Tanzania. Soil Journal of Science and Environment, 19 (5), 75 – 81.
2019 Aboda, C., Mugagga, F., Byakagaba, P. and Nabanoga, G., 2019. Development Induced Displacement; A Review of Risks Faced by Communities in Developing Countries. Sociology and Anthropology, 7(2), pp.100-110.
2019 Aboda, C., Vedeld, P., Byakagaba, P., Mugagga, F., Nabanoga, G., Ruguma, T. F., & Mukwaya, P. (2019). Socio-economic consequences of displacement and resettlement: a case on the planned oil-refinery-development project in the Albertine region of Uganda. Journal of Refugee Studies.
2019 Byakagaba, P., Mugagga, F., & Nnakayima, D. (2019). The socio-economic and environmental implications of oil and gas exploration: Perspectives at the micro level in the Albertine region of Uganda. The Extractive Industries and Society, 6(2), 358-366.
2019 Kisanga, A., Nyahongo, J. W., Mtemi, W. M., & Røskaft, E. (2019). Influence of Multiple Linear Infrastructure on Diversity of Small Mammals in Mikumi National Park, Tanzania. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 9(3), pp. 41-48.
2019 Mugagga, F., Byakagaba, P., & Tibakunirwa, L. (2019). Unravelling the Centrality of Tenure Security in Determining Resettlement Packages for Oil Refinery Displaced Persons in Uganda’s Albertine Graben. Social Change, 49(4), 659-672.

Peer review meeting of the Regional Masters Programme in Sustainable Oil Governance, held at the University of Rwanda, Kigali

Curriculum Development & Review
Program title;

  • Master in Petroleum Governance and Sustainable Development
  • It is an international and interdisciplinary programme targeting both natural and social scientists from the region
  • To be hosted at the University of Dodoma, Tanzania
  • Currently going through UDoM approval process.

The programme is designed to respond to the increasing demand for qualified personnel with capacity and capability of governing and ensuring sustainability of petroleum resources, biodiversity and livelihood, following the discovery and exploration of Oil and gas within East Africa and beyond

This multi-disciplinary programme is well-structured to address the ‘soft issues’ such as governance, community livelihoods within the oil and gas sector. These issues have not been given due attention in previous endeavors neither in Tanzania nor in Uganda.

Objectives of the Program
(i)Impart knowledge of linkages between governance, livelihood and biodiversity conservation particularly in oil and gas industry.(ii)To understand the process of the petroleum value chain.(iii) To understand oil and gas challenges in national development.

(iv)To educate students on different health and environmental hazard in every stage operation of petroleum exploration and production.

(v)To equip students with the knowledge of petroleum pollution and its mitigation strategies.

Program Duration
*24 months with four semesters.
*In three semesters, students will attend lecture classes while in fourth *semesters will write their dissertation.
Admission Criteria
In addition to general admission criteria of UDOM, minimum entry qualification shall be bachelor degree in sociology, conservation biology, natural resources, public administration, political science, geography, earth sciences and related fields in petroleum and natural resources with a minimum of a GPA of 2.7 at an undergraduate level.
Mode of Delivery.

  • This will comprise lectures, guest lectures, demonstrations.
  • Experts from the four partnering Universities will support UDOM to deliver the programme.
Curriculum Review at Makerere University

  • Master of Land Use and Regional Development Planning programme reviewed
  • Course units on Natural resource governance with case studies on oil and Gas integrated in the curriculum
  • Gender issues mainstreamed in the Curriculum
Partnerships with private, civil society, public sectors and academia

  • Established partnerhips with Tullow Oil, Statoil, Democratic Governance Facility, WWF) – for internship placements
  • Collaborating with UN Environment
  • Established MoUs with UWA in Uganda and TINAPA and TAZAMA in Tz
  • Established networks with NEMA –UG, Univ of Bayreuth – Germany)
  • Civil society (Local CBOs – AFIEGO)
  • Local Governments in Project Areas

Intended to ensure policy and practice relevance and sustainability of project outcomes

Research facilities supported by EnPe II
At Mak:-The Library at The Department of Geography, Makerere was refurbished

-New desktop computer and printer procured

-Internet connections installed to increase access to digital resources at the main library.

– A cataloguing software ‘virtua’ was installed to aid in the digitalization of library records.


  • Six Internet Modems were procured to improve access to the internet at UDoM,
  • The other procured equipment include Digital cameras (2); Global Positioning Systems (2); Ranger Finder (1); Pair of Binoculars (2); Tents (3); Laptop (1); Desktop Computers (02); UPS (2); Power Inverters (2); Photocopier Machine (1); Weighing Scale (1); Color Printer (1).
Achievements along the Gender Terrain

  • 3 Females trained at PhD level & 5 at Masters Level – This will go along way in improving gender parity especially at UDoM
  • Gender Desk established at UDoM
  • Development of Gender Policy kick-started at UDoM
  • Gender issues mainstreamed in the new and revised curriculum at Mak and UDoM
Plans for the next five years
A new application focusing on Capacity building for socially just and sustainable energy transitions’ was jointly submitted to NORHED II.The partners include;

  • Department Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture at NTNU;
  • Department of Geography, at NTNU
  • University of Stavanger
  • MAK (Uganda),
  • University of Nairobi (Kenya)
  • University of Juba in South Sudan.
  • The public sector including (NEMA Uganda & NEMA
  • South Sudan)
  • The private sector (Consultancy Firms and Companies).

  • NORAD/ EnPe
  • Local governments and Communities in our Research Sites